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Proposed law puts homework to bed

小學生9點后可以不寫作業?家長們坐不住了

中文 英文 雙語 2019-11-12    來源:21世紀學生英文報·高一      閱讀數:87597
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導讀:10月28日,浙江省教育廳發布了關于征求《浙江省中小學生減負工作實施方案(征求意見稿)》意見的公告,涵蓋了33條減負措施。其中,小學生到晚9點、初中生到晚10點可經家長確認拒絕完成剩余作業等舉措引發不少關注。

Under a proposed new law, students in Zhejiang wouldn’t be required to do homework after 9 pm. CFP

Homework, exams and most importantly, test scores – the things you have to worry about seem endless. You are definitely not alone. In China, many students are stressed out by excessive workloads. But there might be good news for some of them.
作業、測驗以及最重要的考試分數 —— 你所擔心的這些事似乎一直沒完沒了。這樣想的絕非只有你一個人。在中國,許多學生都被沉重的課業負擔壓得喘不過氣來。但有些人或許等來了好消息。

On Oct 28, the Education Department of Zhejiang province published a draft regulation on cutting student workloads to solicit public opinions. The proposed law has started a fierce debate.
10月28日,浙江省教育廳發布關于《浙江省中小學生減負工作實施方案(征求意見稿)》的公告。該方案引發了一場熱議。

Among the many clauses, one guideline stands out. It grants primary school pupils the right to leave their homework unfinished after 9 pm, and junior high school students after 10 pm, with parents’ approval.
在減負方案的眾多條款中,有一項格外引人注目。方案允許小學生到晚上9點、初中生到晚上10點還未能完成作業的,經家長簽字確認后,可以拒絕完成剩余的作業。

Children in Zhejiang will likely welcome the move. However, the draft has met fierce objections, largely from parents. Although parents don’t want their children overwhelmed with homework, many have expressed their concerns about the effects of workload reduction, China Daily reported.
這項舉措或許會受到浙江省的孩子們的歡迎。但卻遭到了大多數來自家長的強烈反對。據《中國日報》報道,盡管家長也不愿意讓孩子課業壓力太大,但許多家長也對減負工作所帶來的影響表示擔憂。

There is a very practical reason for the objections: gaokao, the “all-important” national college entrance exam. If schools reduce homework assignments, “the parents, who want their children to stand out from their peers and score higher, must provide them with more after-school training,” Zhang Yi, a primary school teacher in Hangzhou, told Beijing Youth Daily.
該方案的反對聲音背后,有相當實際的原因 —— “至關重要的”高考。如果學校減少了作業量,“想讓孩子在考試中拿到高分脫穎而出的家長就會讓孩子在校外多上輔導班,”來自杭州的小學老師張毅(化名)在接受《北京青年報》記者采訪時表示。

The aim of this guideline, as the Education Department of Zhejiang explained, is to take differences among students into full consideration and make sure they get sufficient sleep.
浙江省教育廳方面稱,該方案目的在于充分考慮學生差異,保障睡眠時間。

Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at the National Institute of Education Sciences, also doubted the feasibility of such guidelines. “[These measures] are not practical in the current social circumstances,” he said to People’s Daily. “Even if schools make changes, it is difficult to change the pursuit of scores in a test-oriented educational environment.”
中國教育科學研究院研究員儲朝暉也質疑了該方案的可行性。“(這些措施)在當前的社會環境下并不實際,”他在接受《人民日報》采訪時表示。“就算學校做出了改變,也很難改變應試教育環境下對分數的追求。”

Chu suggests that it would make better sense to change the system of college admissions, making it “more ... flexible”.
儲朝暉建議要對高校招生制度進行改革,令其“更為靈活”,這樣才更合理。

“In many other countries, the performance of students is assessed by professional institutions rather than government. For some top colleges, students’ scores only account for 25 to 40 percent of their assessments. So students won’t spend so much of their time on scores,” Chu said.
“在許多其他國家,學生的成績都是由專業機構做評估,政府并不參與。有些比較好的學校,學生考試的分數只占其評估比例的25%至40%。這樣學生就不會把時間都用來拼考試分數,”儲朝暉表示。

21英語網站版權說明  (Translator & Editor: Wang Xingwei AND Luo Sitian)


以上文章內容選自《21世紀學生英文報高中版》,詳情請見《21世紀學生英文報高中版》高一769期
辭海拾貝
Excessive過多的 Draft草案
Solicit public opinions公開征求意見 Proposed提議的
Clauses條款 Grants允許
Overwhelmed壓倒 Sufficient充足的
Feasibility可行性 Circumstances環境
Pursuit追求 Test-oriented應試的


 


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