Hi,
訂閱
報紙
紙質報紙 電子報紙
手機訂閱 微商城
英語
學習
雙語學習 熱點翻譯 英語視頻
實用口語 報紙聽力 歐美金曲
教育
信息
最新動態 活動預告
備課資源 語言文化
演講
比賽
精彩演講
活動動態
用報
專區
中學Teens
小學Kids
微信頭條
除了談理想與煲雞湯,今年國外高校的畢業演講還能這么玩?
來源:21英語網    日期: 2019-06-11

一年一度的畢業季又來啦~

 

每年這個時候,不少高校都會請來社會各界的名人大咖,為即將離校步入社會的年輕人們上最后一課。

 

美國《華爾街日報》(Wall Street Journal) 最近還整理了今年畢業季高校名人演講的金句集錦。其中脫口秀女王奧普拉、蘋果公司CEO庫克等人都是畢業演講的常客,視頻中滿滿都是青春的正能量,堪稱英語演講學習的范本~

 

不過,也有嘴欠煲毒雞湯的人在↓↓↓

 

不過,除了大談理想與未來之外,今年不少畢業演講的畫風,也是有些出人意料……

 

 

瘋狂懟人不帶名

 

 

5月30日,德國總理默克爾在哈佛大學畢業典禮上致辭。在畢業演講當中,默克爾主要使用的是母語德語,然而卻在演講即將結束時,突然切換成了英文。她鼓勵畢業生們要“打破無知與狹隘的高墻”,被媒體分析稱,是在批評特朗普的政策和世界觀。

 

除此之外,她在演講中多次含沙射影地抨擊了特朗普的政策。她說,如果我們總是站在他人的立場看待問題,尊重他人的歷史傳統,不要沖動行事等等,很多難題都能找到好的解決方案。

 

“這要求我們不要把謊言描述成真相,把真相說成謊言。”(That requires us not to describe lies as truth and truth as lies.)

 

German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Harvard graduates on May 30 to "tear down walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness" in a speech that was an apparent rebuke of US President Donald Trump's policies and worldview.

 

In her commencement address at the university, Merkel warned against the perils of isolationism and nationalism, pushed for action on climate change and said to never "describe lies as truth and truth as lies."

 

The Chancellor spoke in German and used a translator, but notably switched to English to close out her speech and said, "Tear down walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness, for nothing has to stay as it is."

 

圍觀默克爾這段全程沒提特朗普的暗懟高能演講請戳↓↓↓

 

 

億萬富翁為畢業生還貸

 

 

 

億萬富翁投資人羅伯特·史密斯今年在為莫爾豪斯學院做畢業演講時宣布,將為本屆全部396名畢業生還清他們的學生貸款,總計4000萬美元。莫爾豪斯的畢業生們高興瘋了,當場熱烈歡呼。

 

史密斯還喊話自己的校友:“這也是對你們的挑戰,2019這屆是我的班了,你們要確保每屆畢業生都有同樣的機會啊!

 

Among the most notable commencement speeches of the graduation season so far was one by Robert F. Smith at Morehouse College. The billionaire investor promised the graduates that he’d pay off the entire class of 2019’s student loans — a pledge that drew looks of shock and several cheers from the crowd.

 

On behalf of the eight generations of my family who have been in this country, we’re going to put a little fuel in your bus … This is my class, 2019. And my family is making a grant to eliminate their student loans.

 

我代表我們家族在這個國家的八代人,給你們加點油……2019屆的畢業生是我的人了。我們家族會撥款還清他們的學生貸款。

戳視頻圍觀這場畢業演講的亮(捐)點(錢)現場↓↓↓

 

 

“人應該活到210歲”

 

 

 

根據美國哥倫比亞大學的傳統,每年都是由該校校長在畢業典禮上做畢業演講,今年也不例外,依然是由哥大校長李·博林格發表演講。

 

在畢業演講中,他談及了“尋求真理”與“追求知識”對這個時代日益迫切的重要性。

 

As Sir Edward Elgar’s “Pomp and Circumstance” blared throughout College Walk, graduates from across the schools of Columbia University gathered for the culminating ceremony of Commencement week. University President Lee Bollinger addressed an increasing imperative for truth in a world which prosecutes those who seek it. 

 

Bollinger spoke about the threats of blatant disregard for “the search of truth,” and he encouraged graduates to raise their voices and reflect on what’s at stake in our own country and in our world. 

 

在演講中,他還提到了一個十分有意思的觀點:人應該活到210歲……

 

 

Some years ago, one of the people I admire and respect most, our Manhattanville architect, Renzo Piano, had just turned 70, and I asked him what it felt like. He said that, as much as he had thought about and prepared for that moment, it still came to him as a shock.  (Now, I can attest to that feeling of shock.)  But, more than anything, he said, it made him feel that our proper life-span should be 210 years: 70 to learn, 70 to do, and 70 to teach the next generation. 

 

幾年前,我最欣賞尊敬的人之一,曼哈頓威爾校區的建筑師雷佐·皮耶羅剛剛70歲,我問他是什么感覺。他表示,盡管他已經想過并為此刻做好準備,這一天的到來還是令他震驚不已。(如今我也能證實那種震驚感。)但他說,最重要的是,他認為人類的壽命應該是210歲:70年學習,70年實踐,70年教育下一代。

 

 

 

(圍觀網友表示:想是想,可是實力不允許……)

 

圍觀了今年這么多場畢業演講,那么,一個好的畢業演講究竟該是什么樣的呢?牛津大學出版社博客曾寫過這么一篇文章:

“如何寫出一篇超贊的畢業演講?”

 

1

要足夠風趣 

 

最好的演講者通常都是謙虛且充滿智慧,不妨來看看著名企業家邁克爾·布隆伯格2014年在哈佛大學的畢業典禮上的致辭是如何開頭的吧~

 

The best speakers are knowingly wry and a bit self-deprecating. Here’s Michael Bloomberg, opening his 2014 Harvard Commencement address, with a typical opening:

 

I’m excited to be here, not only to address the distinguished graduates and alumni at Harvard University’s 363rd commencement but to stand in the exact spot where Oprah stood last year. OMG.

 

我很激動能夠站在這里,不光是能向優秀的第363屆哈佛畢業生以及校友們做演講,更是因為去年奧普拉就站在這個位置上。我的天吶!

 

2

像莎士比亞那樣寫作 

 

要時刻將聽眾的多元化銘記在心。畢業典禮上的聽眾們不光只有好學生,還有一些努力了幾年才能畢業的學生。聽眾中不光只有學生,還有家長和老師。莎士比亞也遇到過同樣的問題, 他的觀眾包含三教九流。所以在撰寫演講稿時,要學習一下莎翁的寫作方法:深奧的拉丁語與平白的英語并用,比如將不常用的incarnadine(鮮紅色)與常用的red(紅色)放在一起。

 

Keep the diversity of your audience in mind. You are speaking to students, but the students are not all the same.  There are honor students—summa, magna, and cum laude–as well as those who are still sweating out a few grades. You are also speaking to families and to the university faculty.  Shakespeare had that same problem—needing to address those in the Lord’s room, the galleries, and the ground pit. He solved it by repeating himself, expressing ideas in both the Latinate phrases and in plain Anglo-Saxon, as when he combined unfamiliar words like incarnadine with familiar ones like red.

 

著名的脫口秀主持人艾倫·德詹尼絲2009年在杜蘭大學做演講時,還用上音似校友(alumni)的一波詞開起了玩笑:

 

I thought that you had to be a famous alumnus – alumini – aluminum – alumis – you had to graduate from this school.

 

我以為成為著名校...校...校油……先得從這個學校畢業。

 

(注:艾倫在當年的畢業典禮上也獲得了該校的榮譽學位,感覺本人也是開心到結巴23333)

 

3

想一些簡單的主題 

 

在構思畢業演講主題時,試著每個部分都用一句簡單好記的主題句概括。畢竟,大家都沒法重聽你的畢業演講,而且在紙上劃重點。所以簡單好記的主題+通俗易懂的事例就成了一場優秀畢業演講必不可缺的要素了~

 

As you develop your theme, try to have a memorable, quotable line for each segment of your audience—the grads, the families, and the faculty. And remember that your audience can’t rewind your speech or mark it with a yellow highlighter, so be sure to illustrate your easily-recognizable theme with smaller, easily-digestable examples.

 

比如,美國哥倫比亞廣播公司主播莎琳·阿爾方西在密西西比大學2013年的畢業演講中談到了工作和堅持不懈的主題,并且用她職業生涯中遇到的種種困難舉例,比如找工作,艱辛歲月以及糟糕的老板等等。這么接地氣的話題,也讓大家一下就記住了演講的內容~

 

Journalist Sharyn Alfonsi did it in her commencement address to the journalism school at Ole Miss in 2013, as she talked about work and perseverance, and illustrated those values through her own career’s challenges, including job applications, tough days, and bad bosses. Choose examples that everyone can relate to and can talk about over lunch.

 

4

避免“現實世界”和其他老梗 

在演講當中也應避免談一些老生常談的梗,比如“大家即將進入現實世界”這樣的話。這樣會讓學生們覺得你不大接地氣,事實上,不少學生都在勤工儉學并且常常處理一些現實問題。當然,也別談太多關于教育價值的話題。畢竟,他們懂得教育的價值,不然也不會去上大學。

Be careful when using clichés in your speech. Tempting as it may be to tell the graduates that they are about to enter the “Real World” (where you have thrived), you should avoid that. Savvy students will see you as out of touch, since many of them have been working all along and are often managing any number of real life issues.

 

You may want to avoid talking about the value of their education as well. They know the value. That’s why they went to college. (It’s the cost they are worried about.)

 

5

時間別太長

一般來說,畢業演講的時間最多不要超過20分鐘,12分鐘為宜。演講者一般每分鐘能說120個詞,所以一場畢業演講下來,演講稿長度大約在1400-2400詞之間。在大太陽底下坐著的學生、家長和老師們都會感謝你的簡潔~

 

 

Unless you are using the speech to announce a major policy, you won’t need more than 20 minutes, tops. Twelve minutes would be even better. The average speaker reads about 120 words a minute, so that’s about 1,400-2,400 words or 9-15 pages (double spaced, 16 point font). Sitting in the sun, the students, families, and faculty will all appreciate brevity.

 

所以,讓做一場令人印象深刻的優秀畢業演講,學問可真不少呀~

 

綜合來源:Time, CNN, Wall Street Journal, Oxford University Press blog, 哥倫比亞大學官網,觀察者網,參考消息



 





相關文章

 
訂閱更精彩

 主辦
聯系我們   |    廣告業務   |    誠聘英才   |   演講比賽   |   關于我們   |   手機訪問
有意與本網站合作者,有關合作事宜請聯系我們。未經21英語網書面授權,請勿轉載或建立鏡像,否則即為侵權。
主辦單位:中國日報社 Copyright www.imyumn.live All Rights Reserved 版權所有 復制必究
網站信息網絡傳播視聽節目許可證0108263   京ICP備13028878號-12   京公網安備 11010502033664號

標題
內容
關閉
內容
湖北11选5走势图基本 赚钱使人开心的下一句 腾讯欢乐捕鱼外挂 淘宝京东怎么赚钱 恋战银月赚钱吗 日用陶瓷销售赚钱吗 赖子山庄天津麻将安卓 陌陌站街赚钱 七彩娱乐首页 卖游戏币赚钱么 99捕鱼大亨 梦幻西游145级咋么赚钱 单机捕鱼达人游戏 贪玩蓝月手游怎么赚钱吗 海天娱乐游戏 拍公交赚钱 主流彩票群